Marathon Petroleum Corporation
Marathon Petroleum is a publicly traded oil and gas company headquartered in Findlay, Ohio. Marathon owns 16 refineries across the United States. Marathon split with Marathon Oil in 2011 and bought Andeavor in 2018. The acquisition made Marathon the largest US refiner. In 2018, the refineries produced more than 3 million barrels of oil per day. Another important subsidiary is Speedway retail stores where Marathon recieves 16% of its revenue. The CEO, Gary Heminger, has been reported to make 935 times as much as Marathon’s median employee.
In 1887, Marathon started as The Ohio Oil Company and two years later was purchased by Standard Oil until it was broken up in 1911. In 1930, In 1930, The Ohio bought the Transcontinental Oil Company and changed the name to Marathon Oil Company. In 2011, Marathon Petroleum (the refining business) and Marathon Oil (exploration and production) each became an independent company.
In 2018, Marathon's PAC (MPAC) raised $2.4 million and spent $2.5 million giving members of the Republican party 94% of the money. At the federal level, Marathon spent $3.66 million on lobbying on issues including taxes; clean air and water; energy and nuclear; and fuel, gas, and oil.
One of the bills they lobbied on includes Senate bill 343 and House bill 1027 which is the Fairness for Every Driver Act. The legislation ends federal electric vehicle tax credits and requires a federal highway fee on alternative fuel vehicles to be paid to the Highway Trust Fund. The sponsor of the bill, Rep. Jason Smith (R-MO) was given $10,000 in 2018 from Marathon according to the Center for Responsive Politics.
In 2017, American Fuel and Petrochemical Manufacturers had an ad campaign that ran through a front group called Energy4US supporting HB 1593. The bills only text read: "To repeal the corporate average fuel economy standards." The bill was sponsored by Rep. Roger Williams (R-TX) who was given 10,000 in 2018 from Marathon according to the Center for Responsive Politics.
Another issue they lobbied on was the Pipeline Safety Act Reauthorization. The first hearing for the reauthorization took place in April in front of the House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee. Transportation Secretary Elaine Chao proposed legislation that provides ways to enhance the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration's support for new liquefied natural gas.
State lobbying on critical infrastructure
Marathon has pipelines or partial ownership interests in Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, Ohio, West Virginia, Pennsylvania, Kentucky, Tennessee, Missouri, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Mississippi, Louisiana, Minnesota, Wyoming, Utah, New Mexico, California, Alaska, and Texas. Marathon has lobbied in all states with pending or enacted critical infrastructure bills, but North Dakota, South Dakota, and Idaho. In Ohio, Marathon lobbied on SB33: Modify criminal and civil law for critical infrastructure damage.
ties to other organizations
In December of 2018, the New York Times published a story about the joint lobbying Marathon, Koch Industries, Americans for Prosperity, American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC), and the American Petrochemical and Fuel Manufacturers (APFM) did to support Trump's proposal to roll back pollution regulations on cars.
Marathon is on the Energy, Environment, and Agriculture Task Force at ALEC.
Marathon is a Regular Member of AFPM. AFPM launched a campaign on July 8, 2019 asking Trump not to support the EPA’s proposal for the new Renewable Fuel Standard. The Vice Chair of the Board is Gary Heminger (the CEO of Marathon). Marathon has two more members who serve on AFPM’s board: Raymond Brooks (Senior VP) and Gregory Goff (CEO of Andeavor).
Since 2000, Marathon has made environmental violations totaling $1.3 billion. The largest violation totaled $425 million in 2016. Six refineries in Alaska, California, Hawaii, North Dakota, Utah, and Washington had unresolved Clean Air Act violations. The violations included alleged leak detection and repair and flaring violations. This results in emissions of sulfur dioxide, greenhouse gases and toxic air pollutants, including volatile organic compounds and hazardous air pollutants. The emissions of pollutants can cause health problems including eye, nose and throat irritation, headaches, loss of coordination, nausea and damage to liver, kidney and the central nervous system. The main subsidiaries of Marathon involved were Tesoro Corp. (Andeavor) and Par Pacific Holdings, Inc.
In June of 2016, Marathon agreed to spend $319 million to install Flare Gas Recovery Systems to capture and recycle gases from an earlier settlement with the EPA and DOJ. Additionally, they would spend $15.55 million to reduce air pollution at some of its facilities and paid a fine of $325,500 to the United States.
In 2009, BP Products North America agreed to spend more than $161 million to resolve Clean Air Act violations in Texas City. The EPA identified the violations during inspections of the refinery after an explosion killed 15 and injured more than 170 in 2005. In a separate criminal case, BP agreed to pay $50 million for violations related to the explosion. Marathon purchased the Texas refinery for $2.5 million in 2013. In 2016, another fire at Texas City injured three workers.