MINNESOTA - Oil & Gas "Critical Infrastructure" Anti-Protest Bills
Updated September 30, 2019. See Full Report: State Bills to Criminalize Peaceful Protest of Oil & Gas "Critical Infrastructure"
2018 SF 3463:
- Vetoed by Governor on May 30, 2018
- Introduced March 15, 2018
Would have created new civil liability for protesters on infrastructure property, as well as vicarious liability for any individual or organization who supported them. The bill would make someone who trespasses on property containing a "critical public service facility, utility, or pipeline" liable for any damages to persons or property, and any person or entity that "recruits, trains, aids, advises, hires, counsels, or conspires with them" vicariously liable for such damages. Under Minnesota law, a person who trespasses on infrastructure property is guilty of a gross misdemeanor; the bill would make anyone who "recruits, trains, aids, advises, hires, counsels, or conspires with" a trespasser likewise guilty of a gross misdemeanor, which is punishable by one year in jail and a $3,000 fine. If the person trespasses "with the intent to significantly disrupt the operation of or the provision of services" by the facility, the bill would make anyone who "recruits, trains, aids, advises, hires, counsels, or conspires with" the trespasser guilty of a felony and subject to 10 years in prison and a $20,000 fine. The phrase "significantly disrupt" could be construed to encompass peaceful protests that block access to infrastructure, for instance, which under Minnesota law is broadly defined to include bus stations and bridges. The broad terms used in the vicarious liability provisions could even be construed to include aiding a protester by providing them with water or medical assistance.
Oil & Gas Campaign Contributions:
Co-sponsors received $1,500 from oil & gas companies and employees
2018 HB 3693
- Introduced March 12, 2018
Postponed and folded into SF 3463 on May 9, 2018
Primary sponsor Dennis Smith (R-34B) is not a confirmed ALEC member. 6 of 12 co-sponsors are confirmed MN ALEC affiliated legislators: Rep. Pat Garofalo (R-58B), Sen. John Howe (R-28), Rep. Kathy Lohmer (R-39B), Rep. Bob Loonan (R-55A), Rep. Cindy Pugh (R-33B), and Rep. Mark Zerwas (R-30A),
- Rep. Dan Fabian is unconfirmed as an ALEC member, but has repeatedly authored and introduced legislation very similar to ALEC models.
7 of 12 sponsors are confirmed affiliates of CSG:
- Rep. Dan Fabian is on the 2017-2018 CSG Midwest Canada Relations Committee
- Rep. Nick Zerwas is on the 2017-2018 CSG Midwest Criminal Justice and Public Safety Committee
- Zerwas talked to CSG about a prior bill to restrict protests on roads
- Rep. Bob Loonan participated in the 2016 CSG BILLD program
- Rep. Pat Garofalo was a board member of CSG as of June 30, 2016, according to CSG’s most recent IRS tax filing. Garofalo has presented at natural gas policy workshops hosted by CSG in 2015 and 2016. Garofalo is a former chair of CSG’s Energy and Environment Committee, and participated in a CSG nuclear waste storage program in 2016.
- Rep. Jeff Howe participated in the 2016 CSG BILLD program
- Rep. Cindy Pugh is member of CSG Midwest’s Great Lakes Legislative Caucus as of 2016, 2017, and 2018.
- Rep. Dale Lueck is member of CSG Midwest’s Great Lakes Legislative Caucus as of 2016, 2017, and 2018.
Koch Industries and Marathon Petroleum financial stake in the Enbridge Line 3 Pipeline:
According to an Enbridge executive, Koch's giant Pine Bend refinery "relies exclusively" on Line 3, via the Koch/Marathon Minnesota Pipe Line Company pipelines. Koch's refinery is undergoing a billion dollar upgrade to handle more petroleum products from the Line 3 expansion.
Koch and Marathon have also recently collaborated on fighting against policies supporting electric vehicles.
Oil & Gas Lobbying:
Enbridge has disclosed $11,880,000 in lobbying expenses from 2007-2017, of which $5.34 million was spent in 2017 alone. Spending totals for 2018 are not yet public.
Koch Industries susidiaries: $6,780,000 in lobbying expenses from 2007-2018:
- Flint Hills Resources LLC disclosed $380,000 in lobbying expenses in 2018
- Flint Hills Resources LP, owner of the Pine Bend Refinery in Rosemount, MN, dsiclosed $5,920,000 in lobbying expenses from 2007-2017. Spending totals for 2018 are not yet public, but Flint Hills disclosed $7,560.92 in expenditures from eight registered lobbyists in 2018, all to influence legislation. (This excludes salaries or retainers for lobbyists.)
- Koch Companies Public Sector disclosed $40,000 in lobbying expenses in 2009 and 2010.
- Koch Pipeline Company disclosed $440,000 in lobbying expenses from 2007-2017. KPC did not report any lobbying activity in 2018.
Minnesota Pipe Line Company--jointly owned by Koch Industries subsidiary Flint Hills Resources, Marathon Petroleum, and Trof, Inc (affiliated with Koch Industries)--disclosed $160,000 in lobbying expenses from 2014-2017. Spending totals for 2018 are not yet public.
The American Chemistry Council disclosed $1,748,000 in lobbying expenses from 2007-2018, $180,000 of which was spent in 2018.
- Devon Energy
- Dow Chemical
- Marathon Petroleum
- Magellan Midstream
- TransCanada (aka TC Energy)
- Williams Companies
- note: neither Energy Transfer nor Koch Industries' subsidiaries are listed as members of the API.
Magellan Midstream Partners disclosed $262,988 in lobbying expenses from 2007-2017.
The American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers (AFPM) reported $40,000 in lobbying expenses in 2018.
Many companies that have lobbied for similar laws in other states have not disclosed recent lobbying expenses in Minnesota, such as Energy Transfer Partners, TransCanada (TC Energy), ExxonMobil, Chevron, BP, Shell, and Valero.
Media Reports & References:
Andrew Neef, Multi-Agency Task Force Prepares “Rules of Engagement” For Line 3 Protests, Unicorn Riot, February 11, 2019
Alleen Brown and Will Parrish, How Police, Private Security, and Energy Companies are Preparing for a New Pipeline Standoff, The Intercept, January 30, 2019
Tim Donaghy, Dangerous Pipelines: Enbridge's History of Spills Threatens Minnesota Waters, Greenpeace USA, November 14, 2018
Governor Dayton Vetoes 'Line 3 Fast Track' and 'Guilt by Association' Bills, Stop Line 3 / Honor the Earth, June 1, 2018
Don Davis, MN lawmakers claim a bonding victory as Dayton signs with objections, Hastings Star-Gazette, May 30, 2018
Mike Hughlett, Gov. Mark Dayton vetoes bill that gave Enbridge's new pipeline fast-track approval, Minneapolis Star-Tribune, May 21, 2018
Grace Pastoor, Proposed Minnesota law aims to crack down on protesters, but protesters are protesting, Praire Business Magazine, April 17, 2018
Alleen Brown and Will Parrish, Louisiana and Minnesota Introduce Anti-Protest Bills Amid Fights over Bayou Bridge and Enbridge Pipelines, The Intercept, March 31, 2018
Karla Hult, MN bill to penalize protesters clears hurdle, KARE 11, March 28, 2018
Water is Life Movement: Minnesota groups